- CHAKRA (or CHAKKRA)
- A wheel-like emblem that represents the Buddhist Dharma Chakra (or wheel of
law) and which appears in a variety of different designs on the national flag
of India, the military flags of Thailand and several other flags both past and
present – an ashoka chakra (see also ‘Buddhist flag’).
National Flag of India and Detail (fotw); Commander in Chief of the Army (1938),
- A ceremonial cup usually in some precious metal, occasionally covered or shown with a communion wafer,
and used in most forms of Christian worship (see also ‘Christian flag 1)’).
Flag and Arms of Fanas, Switzerland (fotw); Flag and Arms of
Jakšić, Croatia (fotw);
Spurious Medieval Flag of Galicia, Spain (fotw)
- CHAMFERED SWALLOW-TAIL
- In UK usage a term that may be used to describe the shape, now obsolete,
of those guidons formerly carried by formations of cavalry – an angled
swallow-tail - see
‘descate’ and ‘guidon’.
Guidon of the Royal Gloucestershire Yeomanry 1797, UK (fotw)
Please note that these terms have been introduced by the Editors since no established alternatives could be found.
- An alternative heraldic term for base - ‘base 1)’.
- CHAPEL FLAG
- In US army usage a flag, bearing a device corresponding to a particular religion,
displayed in a military chapel.
Christian Faith Chapel Flag, US (fotw)
- CHAPLAIN'S FLAG
- In US army usage a flag, bearing a device corresponding to a particular religion,
flown in the field to designate the location of a chaplain's quarters or office,
or the site at which religious services are being held.
Jewish Faith Chaplain’s Flag, US (fotw);
Muslim Faith Chaplain’s Flag, US (fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term for garland - see ‘garland 1)’.
Flag and Arms of Schönengrund, Switzerland (fotw
- CHAPLET OF RUE
- A term sometimes (inaccurately) used in place of crown of rue – see
‘crown of rue’.
Arms of Saxony, Germany (fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term for escarbuncle - see ‘escarbuncle’.
Arms of Kleve County, Germany (fotw)
- 1) Generically, any emblem, object or design placed upon the field of a flag
or shield (see also ‘Appendix IV’).
- 2) Specifically, a symbol placed upon the field of a flag, which is neither an emblem as
specifically defined herein, nor a badge (see also
‘emblem, state, national or royal’,
‘emblem military or governmental/departmental’ and
- 3) (v) The act of placing such a charge on a flag.
Please note however, that with a considerable degree
of heraldic justification, some sources propose the charge to be an integral part
of the design of a shield or banner of arms and usually not used separately, whereas, in general a badge
may. It is suggested therefore, that the entry ‘badge
(in heraldry)’, and a suitable glossary or heraldic dictionary be consulted.
- CHARGED (or CHARGED WITH)
- (adj) The act of having placed a charge on a flag, shield or banner of
arms (especially "charged with")
– to have defaced with a charge (see also ‘charge’
- CHAUSÉ (or CHAPÉ)
- The French heraldic term used when the divisions on a shield or banner of arms form a
triangle pointing upward, and employed by French heralds in place of the equivalent English
terms per chevron or per pile reversed – see ‘per chevron’ and its following note, the note
following ‘per pile’ and ‘pile 2)’.
Arms and Flag of Koprivnica-Krizevci County, Croatia (fotw)
- CHECKERED FLAG
- See ‘sports flag 4)’.
Checkered flag (fotw)
- CHECKY (CHECKERED, CHECKIE, CHEQUEY, CHEQUERED, CHEQUE, CHEQUES, CHEQUY or CHECQUY)
- 1) In vexillology, the term used for a flag (or sometimes a charge) bearing more than four but
an otherwise varied number of rectangles (usually but not invariably squares) in alternating colours –
but see ‘compony’ and ‘counter-compony’
(also ‘charge 1)’ and ‘quarterly’).
- 2) In heraldry the term for a shield or banner of arms, or an ordinary/charge thereon, bearing (not less than
twenty) squares of a metal and colour alternately. - but see ‘equipollé’ and the note below, ‘compony’ and
‘counter-compony’ (also ‘ordinary’).
Flag of North Brabant, Netherlands (fotw);
Arms of Ostrów Wielkopolski, Poland (fotw);
Flag of Radvanice, Czechia (fotw); Example (Parker)
Please note that in heraldry the exact number of squares (if more than twenty) is usually
left undefined, however, any number between ten and twenty squares is generally specified, and that in vexillology
the number of such rectangles (regardless of quantity) is often precisely regulated.
National Flag and Arms of Croatia (fotw)
- CHECKY (or CHECKERED) OF NINE
- In heraldry see ‘equipollé’.
Flag and Arms of Macieira de Cambra, Portugal
(fotw & ICH)
- See ‘checky’.
Flag of Ostrorog, Poland (fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term to caltrap - see ‘caltrap’.
- 1) On flags any ‘V’ shaped charge on a flag irrespective of the width of the
arms. The standard orientation of a chevron on flags is the same as 2) below so
when the apex is towards the top of the flag it is a standard or simple chevron,
when towards the base of the flag a reversed on inverted chevron, however, when
the apex is towards the fly it may be called a hoist chevron, and with the apex
towards the hoist a fly chevron (see ‘inverted’ and
- 2) In heraldry, the term for a charge with arms in the shape of a generally (but not invariably)
inverted letter ‘V’, and heraldic use frequently suggests that a chevron should have a width equal
to one-fifth the field of a banner of arms or shield – but see the second following note
‘pile 2)’ and
Example; Flag of Campina Grande, Brazil
(fotw); Flag of Boelenslaan,
Netherlands (fotw); Flag of Otovice, Karlovy Vary; Czechia (fotw); Flag of
NAVA, US (fotw)
a) With regard to 1), the Editors have adopted a heraldic
model in defining a chevron on flags, however, please note also that there are
conflicting definitions with regard to the standard vexillological orientation of
a chevron and that usage of this term has not yet settled upon a consistent approach.
b) With regard to 2), a chevron may also be embowed, wavy, embattled or otherwise differenced – see -
Flag of Lamboing, Switzerland (fotw);
Arms and Flag of De Valom, The Netherlands (fotw);
Arms of Arzl im Pritztal, Austria (ICH)
- A heraldic term used when two or more chevrons are displayed together on a shield or banner of arms, and heraldic use frequently
suggests that a chevronel should be one-half the width of a chevron (see ‘chevron’ above).
Arms and Flag of Les Geneveys-sur-Coffrane, Switzerland (CS & fotw)
Please note that in heraldry the standard orientation of a chevronel is the same as that of a chevron and that
variations of this standard may be described using the terminology given in 2)’ above.
- A heraldic term for the top horizontal section of a shield or banner of arms,
however, heraldic use frequently suggests that a chief should be one-third of
the total depth of that shield, of a banner of arms or any quartering thereof (see also
‘banner of arms’,
‘base’, ‘fillet 2)’ and
Example; Flag of Prince Edward Island, Canada (fotw); Flag of
Raħal Ġdid, Malta (fotw)
- CHRIST’S KNIGHT’S CROSS
- See ‘cross of the order of the knights of Christ’.
Putative Banner of the Order of the Knights of Christ (fotw)
- CHRISTIAN FLAG
- 1) Generically one of a number of designs symbolizing Christianity – an ecclesiastic, ecclesiastical or church flag - but see
‘religious flag’ (also
‘church flag 2)’ and
- 2) Specifically in largely US usage, the white flag with a blue canton containing a red Latin cross designed in 1897 by Charles Overton, and used by various Protestant groups
Flag of Armenian Catholics (fotw); Flag of Georgian Orthodox Church (fotw);
The Anglican Catholic Church, US (fotw);
Charles Overton’s Flag (fotw)
Please note with regard to 2) that usage of the Charles Overton flag was
originally (largely) confined to the United States, but evidence of growing use elsewhere
has been reported.
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for the bearer of a standard, flag or banner
upon which the figure of Christ crucified was depicted.
- CHURCH BANNER
- See ‘banner 3)’ (also
- CHURCH FLAG
- 1) See ‘Christian flag 1)’ and
- 2) In UK usage and some others, the flag flown from or outside a church;
particularly that flown from an Established (or Anglican) Church defaced with
the appropriate diocesan arms.
- 3) A direct translation of the German term kirckenfahne – but see ‘labarum 2)’.
Episcopal Churches, US (fotw); The Anglican Diocese of St Albans (fotw); The
Anglican Diocese of Canterbury (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Hermannsburg, Germany (wiki
- CHURCH PENNANT (or PENDANT)
- In US, UK and some other naval usage, the pennant hoisted aboard a warship
or naval shore establishment during religious services (see also
‘bethel flag’ and
‘flying angel flag’).
Pennants: UK/The Netherlands;
Portugal (fotw), and the
Please note however, that in US usage this may also be called
a worship pennant, particularly when in connection with a non-Christian service.
Jewish Worship Pennant, US (fotw)